Dutch photographer Bertien van Manen (1942, Den Haag) is regarded as one of the renovators of documentary photography. She started her career as a fashion photographer, after having studied French and German languages and literature. Inspired by Robert Frank's The Americans she travelled around, photographing what she saw. She had her first exhibition in the Photographers Gallery in London in 1977. She uses an inexpensive snapshot camera to take photos of people she meets, as she feels that these cameras allow her subjects to consider "me as a tourist or friend, who likes to take pictures." She has photographed extensively in China, the Appalachian Mountains in the US and the former Soviet Union. Her work has been exhibited by many photography institutions such as the Museum of Modern Art, New York, the Maison Européenne de la Photographie in Paris, the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam and the Fotomuseum Winterthur. van Manen's work is found in major collections, both public and private and exhibited internationally.