For these series of paintings that Ophuis starting making in 1999, he looked further back into history by depicting scenes from within the concentrationcamp Birkenau (Auschwitz II) during World War II. We see the campprisoners in the most dreadful situations: a prisoner sitting on a latrine in the dark of the night, two male prisoners violating and raping a female prisoner. Preceding the making of these paintings Ophuis read numerous memoirs and texts by survivors of these concentration camps. These writings showed him how “hard it was to be ethically just and strong in the kind of corrupt system developed by the Nazis. That was when I thought of a rape in the camps, something that happened between victims. I wanted to produce an image which would show that being a victim didn’t necessarily make you a saint.” In these life-size paintings Ophuis shows us an uncompromising vision on human nature and dehumanization.